Two series of "Slavonic Dances," each of them consisting of eight numbers and separated by eight years, were composed by Antonín Dvorák. The idea was suggested to the composer by the publisher, N. Simrock, following the publisher's introduction to Dvorák's "Moravian Duets" by Johannes Brahms. Understanding the national characteristics and talent of the hitherto unkown Czech composer, Simrock suggested he create a series of "Slavonic Dances" in a style similar to that which had recently proved so successful in the base of Brahms' "Hungarian Dances." Using only the rhythms as the most characteristic and expressive element of Slavonic music rather than original folk dance songs, Dvorák quickly completed the first series of eight (Opus 46) for piano duet, often also orchestrating them while still composing. Considered one of the most personal, nationally most characteristic, and most famous of Dvorák's works, this critical edition of Op. 46, Nos. 5-8 by Otakar Šourek was based on original sources. Instrumentation: 2+Picc.2.2.2: 188.8.131.52: Timp.Perc(3-4): Str(184.108.40.206.5).