The Sonata No. 8 in C Minor, Op. 13, is an important milestone, not only in Beethoven's piano sonatas but also in the development of the keyboard sonata. It is dramatic and emotional to the extent seldom approached by composers of the day as suggested by the term "pathétique" attached to the title of the first edition. Dr. Stewart Gordon's editions of Beethoven's most popular piano sonatas provide the key to a stylistic performance. Thorough research of the earliest available sources has enabled Dr. Gordon to produce the most accurate reflection of the composer's intent. Each sonata contains helpful fingering suggestions and performance recommendations. Other editors' conclusions are noted where performance options are open to interpretation.